Effect of corosolic acid on gluconeogenesis in rat liver


Corosolic acid (CRA), an active component of Banaba leaves (Lagerstroemia speciosa L.), decreases blood glucose in diabetic animals and humans. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of action of CRA on gluconeogenesis in rat liver. CRA (20–100 μM) dose-dependently decreased gluconeogenesis in perfused liver and in isolated hepatocytes. Fructose-2,6-bisphosphate (F-2,6-BP), a gluconeogenic intermediate, plays a critical role in hepatic glucose output by regulating gluconeogenesis and glycolysis in the liver. CRA increased the production of F-2,6-BP along with a decrease in intracellular levels of cAMP both in the presence and in the absence of forskolin in isolated hepatocytes. While a cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) inhibitor inhibited hepatic gluconeogenesis, the drug did not intensify the inhibitory effect of CRA on hepatic gluconeogenesis in isolated hepatocytes. These results indicate that CRA inhibits gluconeogenesis by increasing the production of F-2,6-BP by lowering the cAMP level and inhibiting PKA activity in isolated hepatocytes

Effect of corosolic acid on gluconeogenesis in rat liver
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